The Shoulder Joint
The upper arm bone (humerus) fits into a shallow socket on the side of the shoulder blade (glenoidal cavity). As this allows a wide range of movement the shoulder joint is easily subject to body stress. Reaching above the head, stretching the arm backward, jarring effects in sport like tennis - these actions may strain the ligaments and muscles of the shoulder and tension becomes locked into the joint.
The shoulder may be stiff and painful. If there is a build-up of inflammation the pain may be intense. Most likely the release of the stored tension would have to be carried out several times over a period of time, to enable the joint to stabilise and healing to take place.
In a long-term case of body stress of the shoulder, the joint may become "frozen", i.e. its mobility is severely restricted. In certain of such cases, full movement of the shoulder is restored immediately after the stress is released. In other cases this may occur only after several sessions of BSR. Therefore it is advisable to have the shoulder attended to as early as possible.
The Elbow, Wrist and Hand
These joints may be stressed by jarring the arm, as in a fall, by twisting movements, such as
using a screwdriver or opening a tight jar, or by vigorous actions such as scrubbing or using
woodworking tools.
Tension becomes locked into the elbow joint, between the small wrist bones, or between the
hand bones. Carrying heavy shopping bags with the handles looped around the fingers
may induce body stress in the joints of the fingers or at the knuckles.
As a result pain or stiffness will be experienced and possible numbness or tingling.
There may be weakness of the muscles when attempting to lift or grasp an object.
A pianist was aware of a sense of restriction in the palm of one hand. Body stress was located between the hand bones. A few days after the release, he reported that the reach of his hand had increased, enhancing his skill in playing the piano.
A woman in her sixties sought BSR care for relief from pain and stiffness in her neck. In the third session she reported that her neck was fully moveable and pain-free, but her left wrist had become painful. She explained that ever since a fall off a horse in her teens she had lost all movement in her wrist.
Body stress tests of the arm revealed tension stored between the bones of the forearm and between the wrist bones. A few days after the releases the pain withdrew and normal movement of the wrist was restored. The client reported that she was able to fulfil a lifelong ambition to take up golf.



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As the nerve supply to the arms and hands originates from the spinal nerves of the neck, it is essential that any body stress in the neck is released. In many instances, pain, stiffness and numbness in the arm or hand is due to compression in the neck and not in the arm itself.